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Data from: Vascular plants mediate the effects of aridity and soil properties on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea

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2013
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Oxford
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An integrated perspective of the most important factors driving the abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA) in natural ecosystems is lacking, especially in drylands. We evaluated how different climatic, abiotic, and nutrient-related factors determine AOA and AOB abundance in bare and vegetated microsites from grasslands throughout the Mediterranean Basin. We found a strong negative relationship between the abundance of AOA genes and soil fertility (availability of C, N, and P). Aridity and other abiotic factors (pH, sand content, and electrical conductivity) were more important than soil fertility in modulating the AOA/AOB ratio. AOB were more abundant under vegetated microsites, while AOA, highly resistant to stressful conditions, were more abundant in bare ground areas. These results suggest that AOA may carry out nitrification in less fertile microsites, while AOB predominate under more fertile conditions. Our results indicate that the influence of aridity and pH on the relative dominance of AOA and AOB genes is ultimately determined by local-scale environmental changes promoted by perennial vegetation. Thus, in spatially heterogeneous ecosystems such as drylands, there is a mutual exclusion and niche division between these microorganisms, suggesting that they may be functionally complementary. Abundance of amoA and amoB genes in soils from Stipa tenacissima grasslands along an aridity gradient in the Mediterranean Data on the abundance of amoA and amoB genes in soils from Stipa tenacissima grasslands along a Mediterranean aridity gradient (from Spain to Tunisia). The database also includes information about different soil variables and the abiotic characteristics of the sites surveyed. All the units and information about the variables are included in the "Metadata" spreadsheet. FEMS_dryad.xls
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Vascular plants mediate the effects of aridity and soil properties on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Volume 85, Issue 2, August 2013, Pages 273-282, https://doi.org/10.1111/1574-6941.12119
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