Publication:
Al-Andalus en la Muqaddima de Ibn Jaldun

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2022
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UNED
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Drawing from the original Arabic text of the Muqaddimah, this study examines the way in which Ibn Khaldun conceived of al-Andalus from different perspectives as a geographical, historical and political entity. This analysis shows how the Tunisian author drew political parallels among other nations of the known world and with the use of various references to Andalusi contemporary reality, he was able to highlight various historical dynamics, describe different phases of civilization and explain the administrative structure of power. His deep understanding of the civilizations of the Mediterranean, together with his personal knowledge of the Arab-Islamic West, lead the Tunisian historian to pursue a total history. Despite being conceived as a civilization in decline during the lifetime of the author, al-Andalus is a fundamental piece in the puzzle that explains economic, sociological and cultural phenomena, as well as a crucial link between two historical realities: the great Islamic dynasties on the one hand and the Christian and Ottoman powers on the other.
A partir del texto árabe original de la Muqaddima, este trabajo analiza las referencias a al-Andalus en tanto que entidad geográfica, histórica y política, para determinar la imagen que Ibn Jaldun tenía de esta región en sus distintas dimensiones. El estudio demuestra que el autor tunecino equiparó esta realidad política a otras naciones del mundo conocido y a través de numerosas referencias a la realidad andalusí ilustró procesos históricos, describió las fases experimentadas por las civilizaciones y explicó la arquitectura administrativa del poder. Su profunda comprensión de las civilizaciones del Mediterráneo, unido al conocimiento personal del occidente árabe-islámico, conducen al historiador tunecino a perseguir una historia total, en la que al-Andalus, contemplada como una civilización en decadencia en época del autor, será una pieza más que explique fenómenos económicos, sociológicos y culturales, así como un eslabón entre dos realidades históricas: las grandes dinastías islámicas y los poderes cristiano y otomano.
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Espacio, Tiempo y Forma. Serie III Historia Medieval, nº 35, 2022, págs. 241-264
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