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From Europe to the Chaco-Paraguayan frontier. The Jesuit Brothers: Biographical trajectories, war and global histories in the 17th century

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2019-06-30
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Pérez-García, Manuel
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Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira (Pereira, Colombia)
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This article aims to analyse the biographical trajectories of various Jesuit Brothers in the 17th century, such as Domingo de Torres, Antonio Bernal, among others. Most of them were born in Europe and were soldiers in numerous battles. They then joined the Society of Jesus and travelled to the Paraguayan Jesuit Missions where they taught the Guarani Indians how to use European firearms and tactics of war. In this way, the life of these Jesuit Brothers shows us the mechanisms by which the Spanish Empire negotiated and protected its frontiers with "non-state" agents (Jesuits) and local native populations (Guaraní Indians). This biographical view enables us to understand how frontier defences were constructed, and how the inter-imperial relationship as well as the military knowledge circulation functioned in the Spanish Empire.
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GECEM Project (ERC-Starting Grant), ref. 679371, under the European Union¿s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, www.gecem.eu.
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/679371
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This research has been sponsored and financially supported by GECEM (Global Encounters between China and Europe: Trade Networks, Consumption and Cultural Exchanges in Macau and Marseille, 1680-1840), a project hosted by the Pablo de Olavide University (UPO) of Seville (Spain). The GECEM project is funded by the ERC (European Research Council)-Starting Grant, ref. 679371, under the European Union¿s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, www.gecem.eu. The P.I. (Principal Investigator) is Professor Manuel Perez-Garcia (Distinguished Researcher at UPO). This work was supported by H2020 European Research Council. This research has also been part of the academic activities of the Global History Network in China www.globalhistorynetwork.com. Svriz Wucherer is also member of the Project HAR2014-53797-P ¿Globalización Ibérica: redes entre Asia y Europa y los cambios en las pautas de consume en Latinoamérica¿ (P.I Bartolomé YUN CASALILLA), financed by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) and the PAIDI Group HUM-1000 ¿Historia de la Globalización: Violencia, Negociación e Interculturalidad¿(P.I Igor PÉREZ TOSTADO), financed by Junta de Andalucía, Spain.
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Ciencia Nueva. Revista de Historia Politica, Vol. 3 Núm. 1, Enero-Junio de 2019
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