Social patriotism: populist glue for a multinational democracy

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Taylor and Francis, National Identities
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This article defines contemporary social patriotism as a type of welfare nationalism, with characteristics of an achievable civic form of maintenance nationalism. It investigates the presence of this type of nationalism in contemporary Spain, pointing out the novelty of the explicit linkage of patriotism and a reformist agenda by leftist parties. It also argues that social patriotism has the leverage for creating transversal identities within a multinational democracy such as Spain. After testing our hypotheses using qualitative and quantitative data, we discuss the implications of these findings within a wider European context.
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Supplemental data for this article can be accessed This work was supported by Fundación Pública Andaluza Centro de Estudios Andaluces (is part of ’Consejería de la Presidencia, Administración Pública e Interior’ of the Andalusian Goverment ’Junta de Andalucía’): [grant number PRY028/17]; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of the Spanish Government [grant number CSO2008-01182CPOL].
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Ruiz Jiménez, Antonia Mª: Romero Portillo, Daniel; Navarro Ardoy, Luis (2021). Social patriotism: populist glue for a multinational democracy, National Identities, 22(02), 3-22
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