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De defensas y fortificaciones: Santiago de Cuba en la estrategia imperial española, siglo XVIII.

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2019
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A través del perfeccionamiento del sistema de defensas y fortificaciones en el siglo XVIII el imperio español aseguraría su hegemonía en América frente a las rivalidades intra-imperiales del resto de potencias europeas. Frente a tales circunstancias el reforzamiento defensivo de Cuba, y especialmente de la ciudad de Santiago de Cuba, cobraría un especial interés en la geopolítica imperial, pues de la consideración de espacio marginal en el Caribe comenzaría a jugar un rol estratégico en su calidad de frontera política frente al resto de potencias europeas en el espacio antillano. En el presente texto analizaremos la evolución defensiva del suroriente cubano a lo largo de la época moderna, en virtud de entender la dinámica socio-política de la localidad y su estrecha vinculación a los intereses oficiales de la monarquía hispana.
Through an improvement in its defense system and fortifications, in the 18th-century the Spanish empire would ensure its hegemony in America against the intra-imperial rivalries of the rest of the European powers. Faced with such circumstances, the reinforcement of Cuban defenses, especially in the city of Santiago de Cuba, would play a special role in imperialist geopolitics. From what was once considered a marginal space in the Caribbean, it would begin to play a strategic role in border policy against the rest of the European powers in the Antillean. In this article we will analyze the evolution of the defense system in south-eastern Cuba throughout the early modern era, by addressing the socio-political dynamics of the area and its close connection to the official interests of the Spanish monarchy.
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