Aging living at home: Residential satisfaction among active older adults based on the perceived home model

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Background: Housing plays an important role in the aging process and health. The house. and its nearby environment host most of the daily activities of older adults. Residential satisfaction (RS) has been relegated to physical issues such as accessibility. However, RS is also constituted by older adults’ perceptions about housing. This study analyzes the perceived home that develops RS in older adults. Methods: A random sample of 714 participants aged 50 to 84 (mean = 65; SD = 0.98) were used. Participants lived in ordinary housing in southern Spain. Scales measure perceptions of RS, meaning, functionality and belief of control over the home. Results: Analyses were performed using structural equation models to evaluate the dependence relationships between the different perceptions evaluated. We observe a direct influence of internal control on usability (  = 0.84) and. perceived meanings (  = 0.49). However, external control shows a negative influence on the meaning of home (  = 􀀀0.14). Perceived usability (  = 0.68) and meaning (  = 0.32) positively influence RS. Conclusion: Perceptions of meaning, functionality and RS itself depend on internal housing-related control beliefs. Active older adults with higher internal control perceived their home fit better to the need of everyday life and improve RS.
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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(17), 8959
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