García Amián, Josué

Profesor/a Contratado Doctor
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First Name
Last Name
García Amián
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Educación y Psicología Social
Research Center
Psicología Básica
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PhD programs
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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Levels of Plasma Coenzyme Q10 Are Associated with Physical Capacity and Cardiovascular Risk in the Elderly
    (MDPI, 2022-01-29) Rocío de la Bella-Garzón; Fernández-Portero, Cristina; Alarcón, David; García Amián, Josué; López-Lluch, Guillermo
    Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an essential factor for mitochondrial activity and antioxidant protection of cells, tissues and plasma lipoproteins. Its deficiency has been associated with aging progression in animals and humans. To determine if CoQ10 levels in plasma can be associated with frailty in elderly people (aged > 65), we studied the relationship of CoQ10 levels in blood with other parameters in plasma and with the physical activity and capacity in aged people. Our results indicate that high CoQ10 levels are directly associated with lower cardiovascular risk measured by the quotient total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol. Furthermore, high CoQ10 levels were found in people showing higher physical activity, stronger muscle capacity. CoQ10 also showed a strong inverse relationship with sedentarism and the up and go test, which is considered to be a frailty index. Interestingly, we found gender differences, indicating stronger correlations in women than in men. The importance of the maintenance of CoQ10 levels in elderly people to avoid sarcopenia and frailty in elderly people is discussed.
  • Publication
    Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program for Women Family Caregivers of Older Adults
    (MDPI, 2021-09-15) Fernández-Portero, Cristina; Gallardo Flores, Ana; García Amián, Josué; Sánchez-Medina, José A.
    Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of a mindfulnessbased intervention program for the promotion of well-being and health in family caregivers. Methods: The participants were 111 family women caregivers aged between 33 and 75 years old. This was adouble-blinded randomized controlled trial. The mindfulness intervention program lasted 12 weeks. The experimental group underwent mindfulness and acceptance-based interventions (MABIs). The control group performed physical activity training. Results: A cross-lagged panel analysis wascomputed with the two waves of health, well-being, burden and resilience and age in years and intervention as predictors. The cross-lagged path model fit well c2 (8) = 7.179, p = 0.51, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.00, comparative fit index (CFI) = 1.00, standardized root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.05. The mindfulness intervention program was a significant predictor accounting for decreasing health problems (  = 􀀀0.292, p < 0.01) and burden (  = 􀀀0.190, p < 0.01) and increasing well-being (  = 0.107, p < 0.05) at post-test. Conclusions: Mindfulness-basedintervention programs are effective in coping with the burden of family caregivers and, in turn, in promoting resilience, well-being and health among caregivers. Our findings encourage clinical uses of mindfulness interventions to promote health.
  • Publication
    Aging living at home: Residential satisfaction among active older adults based on the perceived home model
    (MDPI, 2021-08-23) García Amián, Josué; Alarcón, David; Fernández-Portero, Cristina; Sánchez-Medina, José A.
    Background: Housing plays an important role in the aging process and health. The house. and its nearby environment host most of the daily activities of older adults. Residential satisfaction (RS) has been relegated to physical issues such as accessibility. However, RS is also constituted by older adults’ perceptions about housing. This study analyzes the perceived home that develops RS in older adults. Methods: A random sample of 714 participants aged 50 to 84 (mean = 65; SD = 0.98) were used. Participants lived in ordinary housing in southern Spain. Scales measure perceptions of RS, meaning, functionality and belief of control over the home. Results: Analyses were performed using structural equation models to evaluate the dependence relationships between the different perceptions evaluated. We observe a direct influence of internal control on usability (  = 0.84) and. perceived meanings (  = 0.49). However, external control shows a negative influence on the meaning of home (  = 􀀀0.14). Perceived usability (  = 0.68) and meaning (  = 0.32) positively influence RS. Conclusion: Perceptions of meaning, functionality and RS itself depend on internal housing-related control beliefs. Active older adults with higher internal control perceived their home fit better to the need of everyday life and improve RS.
  • Publication
    The Effect of Social Relationships on the Well-Being and Happiness of Older Adults Living Alone or with Relatives
    (MDPI, 2023-01-11) Fernández-Portero, Cristina; García Amián, Josué; Alarcón, David; Sánchez-Medina, José A.; Arenilla Villalba, M. J
    The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of the type of habitation of older adults—with relatives or alone—on their health and well-being. The participants were 352 people over 65 years of age who collaborated with the research on a voluntary basis. The data indicated that those who live with family members have better social integration, well-being and happiness than those who live alone. A multiple regression analysis showed the positive effect of living with relatives on well-being and happiness. However, participation in social activities mitigates the effect of the type of cohabitation explaining better well-being and happiness in the older population. These findings support the idea of designing and implementing intervention policies focused on activities that promote social participation and social interactions to improve well-being and happiness in the older adults.