IJERI Núm. 15 (2021): Covid-19 & Education

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  • Publication
    Prácticas, percepciones y emociones de docentes de Argentina en tiempos de pandemia Covid-19
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Vergara, Gabriela; Fraire, Vanina; Manavella, Agustina; Salessi, Solana
    El artículo presenta un análisis de prácticas, percepciones y emociones en torno a las correcciones de docentes de Córdoba, Buenos Aires y Santa Fe (Argentina), que durante el Aislamiento Social Preventivo y Obligatorio (ASPO) de 2020, realizaron una enseñanza a distancia por emergencia sanitaria. Desde una sociología de los cuerpos y las emociones, se describen los resultados de 387 casos, que respondieron una encuesta on line durante junio de 2020, diferenciando por niveles educativos y tipos de gestión. El nivel secundario o medio muestra mayor carga de trabajo, con percepciones favorables sobre lo realizado, aunque con bajos niveles de innovación. El lugar de lo afectivo en las correcciones se destaca en el nivel inicial. Los y las docentes se reconocen frente a un trabajo que cambia cuantitativa y cualitativamente, pero frente al cual cumplen y creen poder adaptarse a los cambios tecnológicos, sintiendo principalmente alegría y orgullo por lo que hacen. Se sugiere avanzar en el estudio de la construcción de nuevas habilidades y la relación entre cantidad y cualidad de instancias evaluativas en educación secundaria.
  • Publication
    Fear of COVID-19 and Remote Teaching Burnout of Philippine K to 12 Teachers
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Carreon, Thalia; Rotas, Erwin; Cahapay, Michael; Garcia, Kenneth; Amador, Romina; Anoba, Jeorge Louie
    The COVID-19 crisis practically magnified the normal fear of people, bringing other negative psychological outcomes such as job burnout. Building on this assumption, this paper aimed to compare fear of COVID-19 and remote teaching burnout across sample characteristics and relate fear of COVID-19 to the remote teaching burnout. Following comparative and correlational research designs, a sample of 1069 K to 12 Filipino teachers was selected to participate in the online survey. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that the teachers have a high level of fear of COVID-19 and a moderate level of remote teaching burnout. Furthermore, COVID-19 fear of teachers did not significantly differ across all sample characteristics tested; however, remote teaching burnout significantly differed across age, monthly income, educational attainment, and teaching experience, except gender. It was further revealed that there is a positive and moderate significant relationship between fear of COVID-19 and remote teaching burnout. This linear association implies that as fear of COVID-19 of teachers increases, their remote teaching burnout also increases. Considering the current persistence of COVID-19 cases and the role of teachers in the anticipated recovery phase of education, the results of the study indicate the urgent attention of education authorities to develop measures to address the needs of teachers who may have psychological issues brought by fear of COVID-19 and remote teaching burnout.
  • Publication
    Physical Education and Sports Lesson in Distance Education: Content Analysis of Videos on Youtube
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Yücekaya, Mehmet Akif; Sagin, Ahmet Enes; Ugras, Sinan
    In this study, it was aimed to examine how physical education and sports teachers taught lessons in the distance education process and which activities they included in the course content during the Covid 19 pandemic process. The videos published under the title of distance education physical education and sports lessons written in Turkish on YouTube were analyzed. The videos were analyzed using content analysis technique. Three themes were obtained as a result of the content analysis. These are the themes of "educational games", "practice" and "theoretical expression". As a result of the study, it was concluded that it was tried to meet the movement needs of students through videos uploaded to YouTube under the title of distance education physical education and sports lessons, what students should do to protect their health is supported by information within the framework of "health - sports" and it was tried to make the process fun through educational games during the period of staying at home. It is recommended to provide an in-service training course for teachers on how to handle physical education and sports lessons through distance education, especially in the Covid 19 pandemic process.
  • Publication
    Percepciones sobre el impacto educativo de la COVID-19: Análisis de un Webinar de la Cátedra TECNOEDU
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Fernández Esteban, Inmaculada; Bethencourt Aguilar, Anabel; Martín Gómez, Sebastián; Becerra-Brito, Cecilia; Area Moreira, Manuel
    El trabajo que presentamos está basado en la experiencia de las actividades de transferencia de conocimiento de la Cátedra Fundación Mapfre de Tecnología y Educación, consistentes en treswebinars donde los ponentes son profesionales de la educación e investigadores en el campo de la Tecnología Educativa. En el público hemos contado con alumnado universitario, de Grado y Posgrado y profesionales de la educación de diferentes niveles educativos. Entre los asistentes se ha difundido un cuestionario para conocer su impresión sobre la situación vivida durante el confinamiento por la pandemia de la COVID-19 y la prospectiva que auguran sobre la educación en relación al uso de la tecnología. Hemos realizado un análisis cuantitativo de variables dicotómicas y cualitativasmediante un sistema de codificación exploratorio, en los dos momentos, durante y después de la pandemia. Además,hemos indagado sobre las posibles relaciones entre códigos, mediante un análisis de coocurrencia. Los principales resultados describen que la mayoría de las personas han dispuesto de los recursos suficientes para afrontar el cambio abrupto a una docencia online, aunque ha supuesto un esfuerzo emocional alto. En cuanto al futuro posCOVID-19, las personas encuestadas consideran que, tras la superación de la pandemia, se abogará por mayor flexibilidad metodológica y didáctica tanto en la oferta de itinerariosen las asignaturas como en la oferta de las titulaciones académicas.
  • Publication
    Impact of COVID-19 on Higher Education in Pakistan : An Exploratory Study
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Qamar, Tehreem; Bawany, Narmeen Zakaria
    The outbreak of novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19), reported initially in December 2019 by China, has caused disruption all over the world. To control the spreading of this virus all the countries around the world imposed strict lockdown leading to shutting down of all businesses, educational institutions, entertainment centers, etc. Higher Educational Institutions (HEI), across the world, switched to online mode of learning instantly to continue their degree programs. Following the trend, Higher Education Commission of Pakistan encouraged HEIs to begin online classes. Although, online learning seemed to be the best possible solution during indefinite closure of institutes, but the sudden change in teaching and learning paradigm was not well accepted and unprecedented challenges emerged. This study aims at identifying the barriers specific to students and teachers in this abrupt shift. Moreover, it examines the satisfaction level of undergraduate students regarding online education practices during the COVID-19 epidemic. The study employed survey design and carried it out through two distinct questionnaires that are, for students and teachers which were distributed online via social media platforms. A total of 1280 students participated in students' questionnaire while 112 teachers contributed to filling out teachers' survey. Content Quality (CQ), Content Availability (CA), Teacher Interaction (TI), and Mode of Lecture Delivery (MLD) were considered as the predictor variables for student satisfaction. Regression and correlation analyses were performed to find out the contribution of the aforementioned variables. The survey results concluded that the lack of interaction among students and teachers is the major hurdle in online learning. Regression results revealed that the overall model with all four predictors was significantly predictive of student satisfaction. The results further revealed that MLD is the strongest and most significant of all. We believe the findings of this study can provide beneficial insights in improving the paradigm shift with greater efficiency in this pandemic.
  • Publication
    Internet use, eHealth literacy and fear of COVID-19 among nursing students in the Philippines
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Oducado, Ryan Michael F.; Tuppal, Cyruz P.; Estoque, Homelo V.; Sadang, Jonaid M.; Superio, Daryl L.; Real, Don Vicente C.; Roa, Mary Nellie T.; Malaga, Xerxes G.; Quiros, Jejomar D.; Fajardo, Maria Teresa R.; Dela Rosa, Ronnell D.
    The COVID-19 outbreak situation brought into focus not only the safety but also the mental wellbeing of nursing students. At present, the level of fear of COVID-19 and associated factors among nursing students in the Philippines is not well understood. This cross-sectional online survey determined the relationship between Internet use and eHealth literacy with fear of COVID-19. One thousand three hundred and sixty-seven (n=1,367) answered an online survey using the adopted eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS), and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) administered from May 1 to 15, 2020. Descriptive statistics, tests for differences, and correlational analysis were performed. Results indicated that the composite score of the FCV-19S was 3.65, indicating moderate to high levels of fear. Fear of COVID-19 significantly differed based on sex, year level, and location. A significant inverse relationship was found between the average daily use of the Internet and fear of COVID-19. On the other hand, no significant association was noted between eHealth literacy and fear of COVID-19. The first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in a far-reaching impact on nursing students' psychological wellbeing. This study highlights the value of the Internet and its use during the outbreak may not always lead to higher fear related to COVID-19. Nursing schools may need to create strategies to promote regulated and responsible Internet use, address students' mental health concerns and develop interventions to respond proactively to mitigate or reduce fear among nursing students during the pandemic.
  • Publication
    Covid-19 in Turkey: Leisure boredom, psychological resilience, physical activity and emotional state
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Dursun, Mücahit; Yarayan, Yunus Emre; Ari, Çagri; Ulun, Cihan; Adas, Selda Kocamaz
    This research was conducted in the quarantine process implemented in the CoViD-19 outbreak to examine the relationship between the perception of the boredom of individuals in leisure times and psychological resilience levels, and to describe the leisure activities of individuals, participation in physical activity and emotional state. Accordingly, a total of 2214 voluntary individuals living in Turkey participated with 909 men (41.1%) (age=33.83±10.73), and 1305 women (58.9%) (age=32,41±10.02). Within the scope of the study, information about demographic variables, physical activity and emotional state were collected with the form created by the researchers. In the study, "Leisure Boredom Scale" and "Psychological Resilience Scale" were used as the measurement tools. In the study, individuals were asked to write a word expressing their thoughts on the CoViD-19 process for descriptive analyses, and the collected data were visualized with the "MAXQDA" qualitative data analysis program. In addition, the data are presented in charts in the analysis of other variables. In the statistical analysis of the study, descriptive statistics were used, t-test was used to determine the difference between independent groups, Pearson correlation analysis was used to determine the relationships between variables, and simple linear regression analysis was used to determine the strength of the independent variable in predicting the dependent variable. As a result, predominantly negative emotional states were observed in individuals during the quarantine period. However, as the participation in physical activity increases, the level of psychological resilience will increase and the perception of boredom in leisure time will decrease. Besides, it was found that the perception of boredom in leisure time was an important determinant of the level of psychological resilience, and that it explains about 15% of the variance.
  • Publication
    Validación de un instrumento de práctica docente no presencial en Formación Profesional
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Racero Montes, Francisco J.; Ramos Corpas, Manuel Jesús; Castillo García, Manuel
    La pandemia de COVID-19 está amenazando gravemente la salud de la humanidad provocando consecuencias de toda índole. Un sector bastante afectado, es el educativo. El aprendizaje del alumnado se ha visto reducido en el último cuatrimestre del curso escolar 2019-20, y probablemente los métodos de enseñanza que han tenido que forzarse en este tiempo tengan que repetirse para el curso próximo, si la ciencia no encuentra un remedio rápido para combatir el virus. En este contexto las administraciones públicas en el marco de sus competencias constitucionales están desarrollando distintos modelos educativos para que cada centro educativo gracias a su autonomía elija la mejor opción de acuerdo con el tipo de enseñanzas que ofertan y los distintos niveles educativos que desarrollan. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido desarrollar un instrumento válido y fiable para evaluar la práctica docente no presencial en Formación Profesional. El enfoque metodológico corresponde a una investigación por encuesta transversal de carácter cuantitativo. Se ofrecen los diferentes resultados de los valores de alfa de Cronbach, así como una serie de estadísticos descriptivos. La estructura factorial de esta escala es analizada mediante análisis factorial exploratorio, análisis confirmatorio utilizando una muestra de 329 profesores. Los análisis realizados muestran que la escala se compone de seis factores: índice de actitud del alumnado-profesorado, atención a la diversidad, índice de coordinación docente, índice de eficacia virtual, índice de orientación y tutoría, índice de práctica docente virtual.
  • Publication
    Personal resilience and its influence on COVID-19 stress, anxiety and fear among graduate students in the Philippines
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Oducado, Ryan Michael F.; Parreño-Lachica, Geneveve; Rabacal, Judith S.
    The COVID-19 pandemic is putting new and unforeseen pressures and has resulted in substantial disruption in the lives of the people across the globe. Although there is a budding body of literature on the impact of COVID-19 on mental health and psychological well-being, little research has been published among Filipino Graduate students in the context of a pandemic. This descriptive-correlational, cross-sectional research examined the relationship of resilience on COVID-19 perceived stress, anxiety, and fear. Two-hundred and three Graduate students participated in the online survey conducted in the last week of August 2020. Four self-reported questionnaires were used to gather the data. Descriptive statistics and correlational analysis were performed. Results indicated that the composite scores of the COVID-19 stress, anxiety, and fear were 2.81 (SD=.605), 3.94 (SD=.686), and 3.03 (SD=1.004) respectively. The composite score on the resilience scale was 3.33 (SD=.496). COVID-19 stress and fear had significant inverse correlation with resilience. Resilience has a protective influence on COVID-19 fear and is pivotal to cope with COVID-19 stress. Educational institutions may need to cultivate and harness the resilient trait of Graduate students in the midst of pandemic and other stressful events to help combat negative mental states and undesirable psychological consequences.
  • Publication
    The development of an Ecology of Resources for online English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in a Japanese university during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Cowie, Neil
    English language teaching in Japanese universities can be described as having a very classroom-centered approach with relatively little online presence. Therefore, the transition to emergency remote teaching in April 2020 in response to COVID-19 was particularly challenging. This paper describes how the teaching staff in one English as a Foreign Language (EFL) department at a national university in Japan came together to support one another with various online guides and the creation of peer support groups. This activity is analysed in terms of the development of an Ecology of Resources (EoR) (Luckin, 2008) and an online Community of Practice (Lave & Wenger, 1991). The four collaborative documents and the peer support group that make up the EoR are described together with examples of this teacher development process. By partaking in the creation of the EoR teaching staff learned together how to teach online in an emergency context and this collaboration can be the basis for future online teaching in an institution where it had not happened before.
  • Publication
    Emergency remote teaching of English as a foreign language during COVID-19: Perspectives from a university in China
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Huang, Min; Shi, Yahui; Yang, Xiaoqiong
    Given the circumstances of the global pandemic, universities around China and across the globe have suspended face to face (F2F) classes and transitioned to emergency remote teaching (ERT). University students in China have been the first to go through the whole semester's ERT including College English, a compulsory language course for almost all the first- and second-year students of non-English majors. This article adopted a mixed-methods design, a survey followed by a qualitative visual method, gathered data on students' experience about ERT of College English and presented an investigation into detailed interactive process of the classes. The data analysis on the learners' engagement and the feedback from the learners provided a summary of the key threads of ERT classes. This study demonstrated that students held an extrinsic goal orientation, which did not differ from their face-to-face learning experience. ERT granted students more opportunities for interaction with their instructor and peers, while collaboration among students were limited. The research results can be connected to the larger fabric of global language teaching in crisis context, provide empirical lessons to educators, and help instructors with their future decision-making about technology-supported activities.
  • Publication
    Mindfulness in Male Soccer Players: A Cross-Sectional Study
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Tingaz, Emre Ozan; Kizar, Oktay; Bulgay, Celal; Çetin, Ebru
    The present study aims to determine whether mindfulness shows a significant difference based on the male soccer players' amateur/ professional status, position, playing experience, history of receiving mentorship, psychological performance counselling or therapy from a sports psychologist, and status of performing mental training. The study was carried out with 233 adult male soccer players and the Mindfulness Inventory for Sport and Personal Information Form was applied to the participants. As a result of the study, it was found that professional soccer players had higher mindfulness levels compared to amateur soccer players. It was observed that mindfulness levels differed in favor of soccer players who received mentorship or psychological performance counselling, performed mental training and had more experience in sports. It was also observed that attackers had higher mindfulness levels compared to midfielders.
  • Publication
    How Did Prospective Elementary School Teacher Learn Citizenship Education during the Pandemic Covid-19 in Indonesia?
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Hidayah, Yayuk; Halimah, Lili; Trihastuti, Meiwatizal; Dewie, Dinie Anggraeni; Feriandi, Yoga Ardian; Dianasari, Dianasari
    Number of problems as cause of Covid-19 pandemic have continued to appear in various sectors as it rapidly spreads. In education sector, students are no longer able to study freely in classroom and even go to school to study. In this case, changing the way of learning is a form of consistency to educate them in various situations and conditions, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. In this study, we investigated how the response of students through prospective elementary school teachers in Indonesia to learn Citizenship Education which was implemented remotely at home with an online learning scheme during the Covid-19 Pandemic. We used qualitative and quantitative research method in this study. To collect data, we used questionnaires distributed to 508 students in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Bandung City, Cirebon City West Java Province by using Google Form. In addition, we also conducted some interviews with a number of students by using an online application to obtain valid data. Based on the research, there were good and bad student learning attitudes in the Citizenship Education course. A good student learning attitude was shown by enthusiasm in the learning-based video, while the bad attitude of students is shown by the lack of effectiveness in understanding the concept of Citizenship Education.
  • Publication
    Examination of the Anxiety of Catching the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Elite Athletes and Sedentaries
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Demir, Gönül Tekkursun; Bulgay, Celal; Çakir, Veli Ozan; Bayraktar, Isik; Çetin, Ebru
    The present study aims to examine the anxiety to catch COVID-19 from the viewpoint of elite athletes and sedentaries based on different variables. The Individual Anxiety sub-dimension of the Athlete's Anxiety to Catch the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Scale was applied. According to the study results, athletes had lower levels of anxiety to catch COVID-19 compared to sedentaries. It was concluded that female participants had higher levels of anxiety compared to male participants. It was also determined that female elite athletes also had higher levels of anxiety compared to male elite athletes. When the anxiety to catch COVID-19 was examined by age group, it was observed that elite athletes under the age of 19 had significantly lower levels of individual anxiety compared to other age groups. Additionally, it was found that male elite athletes had lower levels of anxiety compared to male sedentaries.
  • Publication
    Factors influencing online learning of university students under the covid-19 pandemic
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Mustafa, Faisal; Khursheed, Ambreen; Rizvi, Syed Muhammad Usama; Zahid, Ahsan; Akhtar, Ayesha
    Online learning systems owing to their nature are free of restrictions of time or place and can prove to be a useful platform for students where they can continue their studies when it is not possible for them to go to a university in person owing to different reasons. Such systems have also been used in Pakistan, particularly in private sector, for university and school education. This paper attempts to highlight various issues that the students are facing and the factors that have a significant effect on their online learning experience. We collected data through online questionnaires distributed to 1200 students enrolled in six private universities in Pakistan. This study employed the Structure Equation Modelling (SEM) to examine factors that influenced online learning. The results showed that teaching and professional behaviour, course instructional planning and methodology and online connectivity were significantly positively associated with online learning. With the identification of key factors that affects online learning of students, it will be more helpful to provide improved services for effective student leaning. Other crucial implications and a way forward are also discussed in the paper.
  • Publication
    Flipped classroom en tiempos de COVID-19: una perspectiva transversal
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Cuevas Monzonís, Nuria; Gabarda Méndez, Vicente; Cívico Ariza, Andrea; Colomo Magaña, Ernesto
    La COVID-19 ha generado una serie de cambios en las diferentes esferas de nuestras vidas. Estos cambios han sido especialmente visibles en el ámbito educativo, donde ha sido necesario repensar los procesos formativos de forma urgente en términos de no presencialidad. En base a esta situación, el presente trabajo presenta una experiencia de Flipped learning llevada a cabo con los estudiantes del primer curso del Grado en Pedagogía de la Universitat de València. Asimismo, se propone un análisis sobre la concepción previa de los estudiantes sobre esta metodología y su percepción tras finalizar su implementación, ofreciendo una visión trasversal. Para ello, se ha recogido la información de los 107 participantes a través de un instrumento validado para analizar la utilidad de recursos y metodologías en base a tres dimensiones: comunicativa, instrumental y pedagógica. Los resultados apuntan a que la percepción de utilidad por parte de los estudiantes es mayor en el post-test que en el pre-test en las tres dimensiones. Asimismo, destaca que, mientras que en el pre-test la mayor puntuación se asociaba a la dimensión instrumental, en el post-test la mayor utilidad se vincula a la dimensión pedagógica, materializando la importancia de la experiencia de los participantesy el impacto del flipped classroom en su aprendizaje.
  • Publication
    COVID-19 and online learning in higher education. A case study of students from Portalegre and Beja Polytechnic Institutes
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) de Borges, Maria Isabel; Dias, Cristina; Santos, Carla
    Since the early spring of 2020, Portuguese higher education institutions, as well as other education institutions around the world, have been experiencing an unprecedented massive "migration" from traditional in-class face-to-face education to online education. The massive changing models of teaching and learning brings out different perceptions from various parties. There are some advantages and disadvantages in this kind of learning model. The purpose of this study is to investigate the learners' perception on online learning in a scenario of a COVID-19 pandemic. The subject of this research are students of two Portuguese Polytechnic Institutes (Portalegre and Beja) The instrument used is an online survey questionnaire, anonymous and voluntary, sent to undergraduate engineering students of the two institutions. This study not only report that online learning is good during COVID-19 pandemic, but also spotted the light on the availability of internet access and computers or cell phones. The main conclusions show that the impact was manly negative from the learners' perception perspective, having mostly referred the workload and also the difficulty in clarifying doubts in time as major factors that had a very negative influence on their academic performance. Also, the social distancing from colleagues was mentioned as a negative aspect. Finally, most respondents expressed a clear preference for face-to-face education for the next academic year.
  • Publication
    Perceived Stress due to COVID-19 Pandemic Among Employed Professional Teachers
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Oducado, Ryan Michael F.; Rabacal, Judith S.; Moralista, Rome B.; Tamdang, Khen A.
    The unexpected occurrence of the COVID-19 outbreak has undeniably disrupted the normalcy of life. Stress has become an important concern in education since the COVID-19 outbreak. This descriptive-correlational online survey administered in August 2020 utilized the COVID-19 Perceived Stress Scale (COVID-19 PSS-10) to assess the COVID-19 perceived stress among employed Filipino teachers. Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tested for differenceswhile Spearman's rho was used to analyze the correlation between variables. Results demonstrated that more than half of teachers experienced moderate COVID-19 stress. Females experienced significantly higher COVID-19 stress compared to males. A negative correlation was noted between self-rated health and COVID-19 stress while a positive correlation was found between the perceive risk of getting COVID-19 infection and COVID-19 stress. This study highlights that steps must be undertaken to help teachers dealwith the stress of the COVID-19 crisis as well as they must be provided or taught with stress management interventions during this pandemic. This study could be used as a baseline for future research to assess the impact of COVID-19 stress among professional teachers.
  • Publication
    Online Distance Learning Amidst the Pandemic COVID-19
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Santos, Joseline M.; De Jesus, Leonora F.; Sealmoy, Ruth R.; Fajardo, Reggie Rey C.
    The purpose of this paper is to determine the factor that makes online distance learning successful during the pandemic COVID-19. This paper focused on uncovering factors to make online distance learning possible during the pandemic. The research is phenomenological in nature and descriptive-survey method was used to identify the technology skills, attitude towards the characteristics of a successful online teacher/student, and level of readiness for the administrators, together with the experienced benefits that were experienced in online distance learning. Correlational analysis was employed to determine the relationship between the variables. Findings show that teachers and students have basic technology skills in online distance learning through the use of Facebook and Messenger; they can generate knowledge even without physical interaction and at their most convenient time. Gadgets or devices useful for online distance learning and unreliable internet access and/or technology struggle in joining digital learning to do school tasks are the prevailing challenges of the teachers and students. Attitude towards online distance learning is strongly correlated to the experienced benefits of online distance learning by the teachers and students. The readiness of the institution in adapting online learning is strongly correlated to the experienced benefits of the administrators. The study was Phenomenological in nature. It was conducted during the pandemic COVID-19. The study brought surface the lived experiences of the respondents in online distance learning during COVID-19. This paper will be useful for school administrators and teachers as basis for policy and program formulation for online distance learning implementation to be crafted to suit in the "new normal" environment.
  • Publication
    Las modalidades de enseñanza en la nueva normalidad para el curso 2020-21 en las universidades públicas españolas
    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 2020-07-29) Pulido Montes, Cristina; Mengual Andrés, Santiago
    La pandemia del Covid-19 y la medida sanitaria adoptada mediante el confinamiento de la población a nivel global con diferentes grados e intensidades para tratar de controlar los contagios han afectado prácticamente a todos los sectores de la población y a las formas y maneras de desarrollar el trabajo. A escala global, las medidas de confinamiento han supuesto, al mismo tiempo, el cierre de los centros educativos en todos sus niveles. Dicha medida ha impulsado, en su mayoría, que la educación pasara de la modalidad presencial a la modalidad en línea. Los organismos internacionales recomendarían el desarrollo de protocolos de contingencia y adaptación de la docencia a las Instituciones de Educación Superior. En este sentido, las universidades públicas españolas, ante el inminente inicio de curso, han desarrollado sus planes de enseñanza y de contingencia para el curso 2020-21 siguiendo las recomendaciones del Ministerio de Universidades. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar qué modalidades de enseñanza presencial, mixta o en línea han propuesto las 50 universidades públicas españolas. Para ello se empleó la metodología del análisis de contenido cualitativo sobre más de 50 documentos ubicados en las páginas web de las universidades que permitirían la elaboración de una serie de categorías para clasificar las metodologías en los diferentes escenarios presentados por las universidades. Las principiales metodologías empleadas por las universidades públicas en la actual nueva normalidad han sido la modalidad mixta y la modalidad presencial segura adaptada previendo transitar a la modalidad en líne asi la situación sanitaria lo exige.