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Beyond the modern shapes of the equality principle. Notes for a transition

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2022-01-28
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Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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La igualdad, como proceso histórico de emancipación humana, trasciende el plano estrictamente jurídico/formal. Además, se ve reforzada por la voluntad "histórica" de democratizar la sociedad y mejorar la vida de las personas. Esta es la dimensión materialista del principio de igualdad, en esa disposición ética e histórica basada en la producción y desarrollo de la justicia social como criterio y principio de actuación. Los derechos humanos y la democracia, con sus prácticas y tradiciones de lucha, no pueden entenderse hoy sin la idea de igualdad como principio necesario. Los derechos humanos siempre han estado vinculados a procesos de reacción contra las desigualdades. Los derechos humanos, que son derechos y que son humanos, son siempre acciones que se refieren a seres humanos necesitados. El hecho de que hayan sido concebidos formalmente bajo el paraguas de la razón normativa no presupone que deban ser concebidos exclusivamente como derechos individuales, que exigen su realización en el futuro, como horizontes de posibilidad, sino como formas de vida que hacen factible la existencia humana -con dignidad- para todas las personas. La idea de igualdad no es, por tanto, posible sin este juicio material de la existencia.
Equality as a historic process of human emancipation, transcends the strictly legal/formal plane. Furthermore, it is enhanced by the "historic" willingness to democratise society and improve people's lives. This is the materialistic dimension of the principle of equality, this ethical and historical "willingness" based on the production and development of social justice as a criterion and principle for action. Human rights and democracy, with their fighting practices and traditions, cannot be understood today without the idea of equality as a necessary principle. Human rights have always been linked to processes of reaction against inequalities. They have been and remain a reaction to any kind of oppression and/or domination, because human rights, which are rights and are human, are always actions that refer to human beings in need. The fact that they were formally conceived under the umbrella of normative reasoning does not presuppose that they should be conceived exclusively as individual rights, which demand fulfilment in the future, or even as horizons of possibility (idealistic vision), but as a ways of life that make human existence - dignified existence - feasible for all people. The idea of equality is, therefore, not possible without this material judgement of existence.
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Revista internacional de pensamiento político, ISSN 1885-589X, Nº. 16, 2021, págs. 611-632
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