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Descifrando el chavismo: mitologías políticas y religiosidad

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2017-01-30
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Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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Este ensayo pretende decodificar dos claves para entender el chavismo como movimiento social y político en Venezuela, a saber, una interpretación particular de la historia y varios recursos provenientes del mundo religioso. La metodología de investigación se relaciona con el análisis etnográfico, el análisis del discurso, la investigación documental y estudios previos de los seguidores de este movimiento político y social. Se concluye que esta forma de chavismo se refiere a un tipo de fundamentalismo político que se relaciona con su entorno a través de una mitología basada en la "edad de oro" y "lucha mística entre el Bien y el Mal", que sirve para la lucha política y generar identidad y la cohesión entre sus seguidores.
This essay aims decode two keys to understanding chavism as a social and political movement in Venezuela, namely, a particular interpretation of history and several mythical resources from the religious world. Research methodology is related to ethnographic analysis, discourse nalysis, documentary research and previous studies of followers of this political and social movement. It is concluded that this form of chavism refers to a type of political fundamentalism that is related to its environment through a mythology based on the "Golden Age" and "mystical struggle between Good and Evil", which serves for political struggle and to generate identity and cohesion among his followers.
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URL del artículo en la web de la Revista: https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/ripp/article/view/3555
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Revista internacional de pensamiento político, ISSN 1885-589X, Nº. 11, 2016, págs. 311-329
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