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Modelli e koinè: Alessandria, Erode, Adriano qualche riflessione. Preliminare sulle recenti scoperte in vicino oriente

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2021-04-06
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Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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Il confronto tra l'attività di Erode e Adriano dimostra la grande circolazione di planimetrie, modelli e tipi della koiné ellenistica, e come Erode trasse vantaggio dal repertorio degli Asmonei oltre che dalla tecnologia romana (mentre Petra si legò più strettamente ad Alessandria). L'importanza della valutazione del 'contesto' è evidente nel tipo del «ninfeo con esedra», nato in età tolemaica in contesti cultuali, entrato a far parte del patrimonio formale dei giardini delle ville e degli horti romani a scopo esornativo e poi rielaborato da Adriano a Tivoli. Il Teatro Marittimo potrebbe, infine, derivare dal tipo dell'isolotto entro un bacino artificiale attestato nel basileia vicinorientali.
The comparison between the building activity of Herods and Hadrian reveals the wide circulation of plans, models and patterns in the Hellenistic koiné as well as how Herods took advantage from the Asmonean repertoire and from the Roman technology (while Petra tied itself more closely to Alexandria).The importance of a 'contextual' evaluation of every single instance is evident in the «nymphaeum with exedra», conceived in the Ptolemaic period mainly in Nilotic contexts, which became part of the formal heritage of the Roman horti and villas with ornamental purposes and that is re-invoked by Hadrian in Villa Adriana. At the same time, the Teatro Marittimo could descends from the Hellenistic prototype of the islet set in the middle of an artificial basin attested in the near-eastern basileia.
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URL del artículo en la web de la Revista: https://www.upo.es/revistas/index.php/romula/article/view/5877
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Romula, ISSN-e 1695-4076, Nº. 18, 2019, págs. 7-70
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