Publication:
El tráfico de influencias en la España franquista: decisiones públicas, beneficios privados

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2014
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Instituto de Investigaciones Dr. José María Luis Mora
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During the first regime of the Franco dictatorship, the economic policy implemented in Spain was autarky. This policy and the high level of government interventionism lead the economic agents to behave as rent-seekers instead of seeking efficiency. In this paper, we firstly study the peddling of political favors not only through direct deliveries of assets but also trough the slanted assignments of goods. These two aspects were legitimized, in some way, by the State. Secondly, we analyze the role played by the government administrative and bureaucratic structures. Lastly, we study the private profits obtained from both economic programs and the regulations established by the economic policy.
En la España del primer franquismo la política económica autárquica y el marco institucional intervencionista provocaron que los agentes económicos no se comportaran buscando la eficiencia económica sino como rent-seekers. En este artículo se estudia, en primer lugar, el tráfico de influencias en las entregas directas de activos o en las asignaciones sesgadas de bienes, legitimados de alguna forma, por parte del poder público; en segundo lugar, se analiza cómo operaron las estructuras administrativas y burocráticas del Estado. Finalmente, se estudia la generación de beneficios particulares obtenidos desde los programas económicos y desde las normativas de la política económica.
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proyecto 2010/0041/001 y SEJ 4129.
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América Latina en la Historia Económica, vol.19, n.2: 193 - 218.
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