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Cavaleiros contra Flecheros. Treinta años de guerra chiquito-guaycurú en la frontera luso-española (1763-1793)

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2017
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Este trabajo aborda el conflicto entre indígenas chiquitos y guaycurú que tuvo lugar entre 1763 y 1793 en la frontera luso-española. Se basa en documentación de la gobernación de Chiquitos y en información proveniente del Paraguay y de Mato Grosso con el objetivo de deslindar causas, ciclos y devenir del enfrentamiento. Considera su carácter de guerra indígena, así como también el contexto de disputa limítrofe entre los imperios español y portugués en el que se desarrolló; se señalan las implicancias sociológicas de la guerra a ambos lados de la frontera y su incidencia en las relaciones interétnicas del alto Paraguay hacia el final del período colonial.  This paper analyzes the conflict between the Chiquito and Guaycurú Indians that took place from 1763 to 1793 at the frontier between the Portuguese and Spanish empires. I examine evidence from the government of Chiquitos and information from Paraguay and Mato Grosso, in order to define the causes, cycles and progression of the war. The analysis considers the characteristics of native warfare as well as the context of the frontier dispute between the two colonial empires where the inter-indigenous took place. It also points out its sociological consequences on both sides of the border, and the impact of the war on inter-ethnic relations on the Upper Paraguay River towards the end of the Colonial period.
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Americanía: Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos
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