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Maquiavelo y la perfidia de Venecia

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2019-01-30
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Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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Maquiavelo no sentía simpatía ni agrado por Venecia. A pesar de que sólo Venecia y Florencia, su patria, eran los dos grandes estados italianos que a principios del siglo XVI habían conservado gobiernos republicanos, lo que hipotéticamente debía hermanarlas, entre ambas repúblicas había más competencia que cooperación, lo cual se reflejaba fielmente en el pensamiento y opiniones de Maquiavelo. Además, Venecia constituía un modelo de república aristocrática que contrastaba con el modelo de república democrática de la antigua Roma que tanto admiraba Maquiavelo, lo cual acentuaba su desagrado. Más aún, el gobierno republicano de Florencia de 1494-1512 al que sirvió Maquiavelo, trató de reformarse a imagen y semejanza de las instituciones políticas venecianas, en lo cual no tuvo mucho éxito. De este modo, el ejemplo de Venecia suscitó una serie de reflexiones y opiniones de Maquiavelo sobre el gobierno republicano que son dignas de análisis y que constituyen la materia de este escrito.
Machiavelli felt no sympathy or liking for Venice. Although only Venice and Florence, their homeland, were the two great Italian states that had retained republican governments at the beginning of the 16th century, which hypothetically had to be twinned, between both republics there was more competition than cooperation, which was faithfully reflected in the thought and opinions of Machiavelli. In addition, Venice was a model of an aristocratic republic that contrasted with the model of democratic republic of ancient Rome that so pleased Machiavelli, which accentuated his displeasure. Moreover, the republican government of Florence of 1494- 1512 that Machiavelli served, tried to reform itself in the image and likeness of Venetian political institutions, in which he was not very successful. In this way, the example of Venice aroused a series of reflections and opinions of Machiavelli on republican government that are worthy of analysis and that constitute the subject of this writing.
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Revista internacional de pensamiento político, ISSN 1885-589X, Nº. 13, 2018, págs. 257-278
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