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Differential effects of socio-economic status and family environment of adolescents on their emotional intelligence, academic stress and academic achievement

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2022-06-23
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Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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In this paper the researcher has presented the results of a study conducted to find out whether adolescents belonging to different levels of Socio-economic status and Family Environment differ in their Emotional Intelligence, Academic Stress and Academic Achievement. The study was conducted on a sample of 858 adolescents studying in various secondary schools of Aligarh district in Uttar Pradesh State, India. Standardized scales were employed for data collection. Multiple Analysis of variance technique (MANOVA) was applied to observe the effect. The homogeneity of the covariance matrices was verified using the Box's M value. Results revealed that Socio-economic Status (SES) and Family Environment have significant effect on all the said variables. Post hoc analysis (Tukey HSD Test) findings revealed that differences exist with regard to Emotional Intelligence, Academic Stress and Academic Achievement among adolescent groups with different levels of Socioeconomic Status and Family Environment.
En este trabajo, el investigador ha presentado los resultados de un estudio realizado para determinar si los adolescentes que pertenecen a diferentes niveles de situación socioeconómica y entorno familiar difieren en su inteligencia emocional, estrés académico y rendimiento académico. El estudio se realizó en una muestra de 858 adolescentes que estudian en varias escuelas secundarias del distrito de Aligarh en el estado de Uttar Pradesh, India. Se emplearon escalas estandarizadas para la recolección de datos. Se aplicó la técnica de Análisis de varianza múltiple (MANOVA) para observar el efecto. La homogeneidad de las matrices de covarianza se verificó utilizando el valor M de Box. Los resultados revelaron que el estado socioeconómico (SES) y el entorno familiar tienen un efecto significativo en todas las variables mencionadas. Los resultados del análisis post hoc (Prueba Tukey HSD) revelaron que existen diferencias con respecto a la Inteligencia Emocional, el Estrés Académico y el Logro Académico entre los grupos de adolescentes con diferentes niveles de Estado Socioeconómico y Ambiente Familiar.
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IJERI: International journal of Educational Research and Innovation, ISSN-e 2386-4303, n. 17, 2022, págs. 101-120
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