Publication:
Construcciones palafíticas en Cuba

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2022
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La barbacoa precolombina, representativa de las construcciones palafíticas, no tuvo tanto arraigo como tipología a imitar en las primeras edificaciones levantadas durante el inicio de la conquista y colonización. Diversamente ocurrió con el bohío que, retomando los esquemas aborígenes e incorporando los consecuentes ajustes y modificaciones sirvió de base para las primeras edificaciones del siglo XVI. El caney y la vara en tierra fueron menos frecuentes a nivel urbano, pero sobrevivieron en algunos sitios, por lo general en áreas rurales. La barbacoa aparentemente había caído en desuso como esquema habitacional hasta reaparecer a mediados del siglo XIX. Un documento de reciente acceso, firmado por el gobernador Viana Hinojosa en 1688, testimonia la existencia de arquitectura palafítica en La Habana a finales del siglo XVII, información hasta ahora desconocida y que permite reconstruir pasajes de las edificaciones perdidas en el tiempo y no recogidas en los textos clásicos de arquitectura cubana.
The pre-Columbian barbacoa or hut on stilts, representative of palafittic buildings, was not an architectural typology widely imitated in the first buildings erected at the beginning of the Cuban conquest and colonization period.Conversely, with the hut happened differently. They served as the basis for post-Columbian domestic architecture which, incorporating consequent adjustments and modifications, served as the basis for the first buildings of the 16th century. Caney and rod-on-land were less frequent at the urban level, but survived in some places, usually in rural areas. The barbacoa had fallen into disuse as a housing scheme until it reappeared in the mid-19th century. A recently accessed document, signed by Governor of Cuba Viana Hinojosa in 1688, testifies to the existence of palafittic architecture in Havana at the end of the seventeenth century, information hitherto unknown, allows the understanding or visualization of buildings lost in time and not recorded in the classic literature of Cuban architecture.
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