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Atunes, albacoras, bonitos, alistados, caballas y melvas...; las almadrabas de Doñana.

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2020
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Los atunes pertenecen a la élite de la ictiofauna, puesto que su capacidad adaptativa les permite una amplia distribución allende los mares. Para reproducirse, el atún rojo migra al Mediterráneo a través del Estrecho de Gibraltar, hecho conocido por los pescadores desde hace milenios, constituyendo la industria del atún una de las más importantes desde la Antigüedad. Para su captura han utilizado el arte denominado almadraba. La prosperidad de esta pesquería motivó, desde el siglo XIII, su monopolio en la costa andaluza por parte del ducado de Medina Sidonia, existiendo varios asentamientos de pescadores y hasta cuatro almadrabas en la costa del Coto de Doña Ana desde el siglo XVII. Este monopolio finalizó en el siglo XIX, constituyéndose entonces numerosas empresas. Pero la rentabilidad de esta industria alternó etapas de bonanza y ruina, y consecuentemente para proteger esta estratégica actividad la Administración creó, entre 1928 y 1971, el Consorcio Nacional Almadrabero.
Tunas are the elite group within the ichthyofauna, due to their capacity to adapt, which allows them to have a wide distribution beyond the seas. In order to reproduce, the bluefin tuna migrates to Mediterranean through the Strait of Gibraltar, a fact that has been known by fishermen for millennia, establishing the tuna industry as one of the most important since the antiquity. To be captured, a fishing gear called almadraba has been used. The prosperity of this fishery led to its monopoly on the Andalusian coast by Medina Sidonia Duchy since the 13th century. There have been several fishermen's settlements and even four almadrabas on the coast of Coto de Doña Ana since the 17th century. This monopoly ended in the 19th century, with the subsequent creation of numerous businesses. But the profitability of this industry had stages of prosperity and ruin, and consequently in order to preserve this strategic activity, the Tuna Trap Fishing National Consortium was created by the Public Administration between 1928 and 1971.
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