Person:
García Montón, Alejandro

Investigador Postdoctoral
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First Name
Alejandro
Last Name
García Montón
Affiliation
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Department
Geografía, Historia y Filosofía
Research Center
Area
Historia Moderna
Research Group
Historia de La Globalización
PAIDI Areas
Humanidades
PhD programs
Identifiers
UPO investigaORCIDScopus Author IDDialnet IDGoogle Scholar ID

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    The rise of Portobelo and the transformation of the Spanish American slave trade, 1640s-1730s: transimperial connections and intra-American shipping
    (Duke University Press, 2019) García Montón, Alejandro
    This article analyzes the rise of Portobelo as the most important center of the Spanish American slave trade from the 1660s to the 1730s. Portobelo¿s emergence was one of the most striking results of the structural transformation that the slave trade to Spanish America underwent between the 1640s and the 1650s. In these years, intra-American transimperial shipping displaced direct slave voyages from Africa to the Spanish Caribbean. By focusing on the elements that underpinned Portobelo¿s emergence, this essay shows how shifting transimperial connections affected the making and unmaking of the intraimperial circuits that supplied slaves to Spanish America. This approach reveals the inner workings, evolving links, and disputed hierarchies that interlocked port towns with inland cities and also structured the African diaspora in Spanish America and the emergence of a black Pacific.
  • Publication
    Weaving Mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome Variation in the Panamanian Genetic Canvas
    (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021-11-29) Rambaldi Migliore, Nicola; Colombo, Giulia; Capodiferro, Marco; García Montón, Alejandro; Aram, Bethany
    The Isthmus of Panama was a crossroads between North and South America during the continent's first peopling (and subsequent movements) also playing a pivotal role during European colonization and the African slave trade. Previous analyses of uniparental systems revealed significant sex biases in the genetic history of Panamanians, as testified by the high proportions of Indigenous and sub-Saharan mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) and by the prevalence of Western European/northern African Y chromosomes. Those studies were conducted on the general population without considering any self-reported ethnic affiliations. Here, we compared the mtDNA and Y-chromosome lineages of a new sample collection from 431 individuals (301 males and 130 females) belonging to either the general population, mixed groups, or one of five Indigenous groups currently living in Panama. We found different proportions of paternal and maternal lineages in the Indigenous groups testifying to pre-contact demographic events and genetic inputs (some dated to Pleistocene times) that created genetic structure. Then, while the local mitochondrial gene pool was marginally involved in post-contact admixtures, the Indigenous Y chromosomes were differentially replaced, mostly by lineages of western Eurasian origin. Finally, our new estimates of the sub-Saharan contribution, on a more accurately defined general population, reduce an apparent divergence between genetic and historical data.
  • Publication
    Chapter 6. Implementing the Asiento and Smuggling: A Perspective from the Isthmus of Panama and Pacific South America
    (Routledge, 2021-11) García Montón, Alejandro
    This chapter adopts an intra-imperial, Spanish American perspective to understand how Domenico Grillo's factors operated this new monopolistic asiento trade on the ground. It focuses on the Isthmus of Panama and Pacific South America, the most coveted trading areas for the company and where most African captives were brought. The chapter examines the unprecedented privileges wielded by the company's factors, which triggered the fierce opposition of local players, including other slave traders, tax-farmers, and political leaders. It shows that Grillo's factors expanded the company's reach by challenging the privileges of the Sevillian and Lima consulados, smuggling and venturing into trading areas that exceeded the limits of the asiento charter, like Peru. Yet, these pages show in detail that Grillo's factors could only enter these trading spheres with the cooperation of other Spanish American merchants, middlemen, and political authorities who rapidly started to benefit from the asiento trade. These processes heralded future dynamics of competition and collaboration between other asiento companies and local players. The collective and disputed construction of the asiento trade on the ground bolstered a solid commercial and relational space linking the Spanish Indies to other empires in the Atlantic world and global trade circuits.
  • Publication
    Comercio local en una encrucijada global: almonedas y mercados de segunda mano en la ciudad de Panamá (c. 1550-1650)
    (2019-10-08) García Montón, Alejandro
    [ESPAÑOL] El istmo de Panamá fue un centro de tráfico comercial clave en la articulación de algunas de las cadenas de intercambios de mayor impacto a nivel global durante la edad moderna, como el tráfico de esclavos africanos hacia el Perú o el comercio de plata potosina hacia China vía la península ibérica. A pesar de ello, sabemos muy poco sobre las formas y las características que adoptaron los intercambios cotidianos en el istmo, no dirigidos al negocio de la reexportación sino a alimentar el consumo diario de sus habitantes. Este artículo interroga las almonedas vinculadas a los expedientes de "bienes de difuntos" de la ciudad de Panamá como una ventana documental privilegiada que nos permite acercarnos a la dimensión local y el funcionamiento de los mercados de segunda mano en un espacio caracterizado por su papel como "portal de globalización".
  • Publication
    La primera globalización desde América: comercio, agentes y bienes entre el mundo atlántico y pacífico, ss. XV-XVII
    (2019-10-08) García Montón, Alejandro; Aram, Bethany
    Texto introductorio al dossier monográfico "La primera globalización desde América: comercio, agentes y bienes entre el mundo atlántico y pacífico, ss. XV-XVII"
  • Publication
    De gobernantes y deudas Una década de producción historiográfica sobre la Castilla de los Austrias
    (Ediciones Complutense, 2017) Escribano Páez, José Miguel; García Montón, Alejandro
    La crisis económica, política, financiera y social que estalló en 2008 ha traído consecuencias nefastas para los llamados estados del bienestar. El impacto social e ideológico que ha provocado esta “crisis” ha puesto en el punto de mira de los científicos sociales los problemas que han tenido que confrontar los estados para financiarse en los mercados privados y las soluciones planteadas al respecto. El presente artículo se interroga por la manera en la que la historiografía se ha aproximado a las “crisis financieras” de la Castilla de los siglos XVI y XVII durante la última década, las herramientas metodológicas que se han empleado y las perspectivas de análisis que han sido utilizadas. A lo largo de sus páginas se pretende ofrecer una suerte de estado de la cuestión que discurre por diferentes aspectos como la historia de las bancarrotas, la deuda y fiscalidad, y las finanzas.