Person: Montes Vega, María José
Titulado superior de apoyo a la investigación
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Sistemas Físicos, Químicos y Naturales
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PublicationWavelet Analysis on Groundwater, Surface-Water Levels and Water Temperature in Doñana National Park (Coastal Aquifer in Southwestern Spain)(MDPI, 2023-02-17) Treviño, Jennifer; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Miguel; Montes Vega, María José; Aguilera, Hector; Fernández-Ayuso, Ana; Fernández-Naranjo, NuriaThe Doñana National Park (DNP) is a protected area with water resources drastically diminishing due to the unsustainable extraction of groundwater for agricultural irrigation and human consumption of a nearby coastal city. In this study, we explore the potential of wavelet analysis applied to high-temporal-resolution groundwater-and-surface-water time series of temporary coastal ponds in the DNP. Wavelet analysis was used to measure the frequency of changes in water levels and water temperature, both crucial to our understanding of complex hydrodynamic patterns. Results show that the temporary ponds are groundwater-dependent ecosystems of a through-flow type and are still connected to the sand-dune aquifer, regardless of their hydrological affection, due to groundwater withdrawal. These ponds, even those most affected by pumping in nearby drills, are not perched over the saturated zone. This was proven by the evidence of a semi-diurnal (i.e., 6 h) signal in the surface-level time series of the shallow temporary ponds. This signal is, at the same time, related to the influence of the tides affecting the coastal sand-dune aquifer. Finally, we detected other hydrological processes that affect the ponds, such as evaporation and evapotranspiration, with a clear diurnal (12 h) signal. The maintenance of the ecological values and services to the society of this emblematic wetland is currently in jeopardy, due to the effect of the groundwater abstraction for irrigation. The results of this study contribute to the understanding of the behavior of these fragile ecosystems of DNP, and will also contribute to sound-integrated water-resource management. PublicationCalculation of the SPI, SPEI, and GRDI Indices for Historical Climatic Data from Doñana National Park: Forecasting Climatic Series (2030–2059) Using Two Climatic Scenarios RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 by IPCC(MDPI, 2023-06-27) Montes Vega, María José; Guardiola-Albert, Carolina ; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, MiguelIn this study, we utilized three different indices to assess drought conditions in the Doñana National Park (DNP) located in southern Spain. These indices included the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), which is based on precipitation statistics, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), which incorporates both precipitation and air temperature data, and the Groundwater Recharge Drought Index (GRDI), a newly developed index specifically designed to evaluate groundwater drought. The analysis covered the time period from 1985 to 2015, and future projections were made for the years 2030–2060 under different climate scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5). Our findings revealed a significant decrease in total precipitation of approximately 13–14% compared to historical records (1985–2015). Moreover, severely to extremely wet periods exhibited a reduction ranging from 25% to 38%. A key contribution of this study is the application of the GRDI index, which allowed us to assess groundwater recharge rates. We observed a decline in the simulated mean recharge rates during the 21st century when compared to the historical period spanning from 1950 to 2009. This decline can be attributed to increased evapotranspiration. The results of this research provide valuable insights for the Spanish water resources administration. The observed reductions in precipitation and groundwater recharge rates emphasize the need for appropriate mitigation measures. The findings will aid the administration in formulating an integrated water resources management strategy in the Doñana National Park and its surrounding basin. By understanding the projected changes in drought conditions, the administration can make informed decisions to ensure sustainable water resource management in the region.