Person: Smani, Younes
Profesor/a Titular de Universidad
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Biología Molecular e Ingeniería Bioquímica
Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo (CABD)
Expresión Génica en Bacterias de Interés Medioambiental
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
PublicationIn vitro and in vivo evaluation of two combined β-lactamase inhibitors against carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii(Springer, 2023-09-15) Vila Domínguez, Andrea; Molina Panadero, Irene; Smani, YounesThe objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of clavulanic acid (C/A) in combination with tazobactam against clinical strains of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. The MIC of 24 clinical strains of A. baumannii was determined, and a checkerboard assay and time-kill curve analysis were performed in selected strains to determine the synergy between C/A and tazobactam. The efficacy of C/A in monotherapy and in combination with tazobactam was evaluated in vitro in cell culture experiments and in a murine peritoneal sepsis model. The C/A and C/A plus tazobactam MIC50 were 128 and <1 mg/L, respectively. The checkerboard assay showed that tazobactam (4 and 8 mg/L) demonstrated synergy with C/A against A. baumannii Ab40, an OXA-24 producer strain, and Ab293, a lacking OXA β-lactamase strain. The time-kill curve assay showed both bactericidal and synergistic effects against Ab40 and Ab293, with C/A 1xMIC and tazobactam (4 and 8 mg/L) at 24 h. In the murine peritoneal sepsis model with Ab293 strain, the combination of C/A and tazobactam reduced bacterial loads in tissues and blood by 2 and 4 log10 CFU/g or mL compared with C/A alone. Combining C/A with tazobactam could be considered as a potential alternative strategy to treat A. baumannii in some cases, and future work with more strains is needed to confirm this possibility. PublicationRepositioning rafoxanide to treat Gram-negative bacilli infections(Oxford Academic, 2020-07-01) Miró-Canturri, Andrea; Ayerve-Algaba, Rafael; Rodríguez Villodres, Ángel; Pachón, Jerónimo; Smani, YounesObjectives: Repurposing drugs provides a new approach to the fight against MDR Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB). Rafoxanide, a veterinary antihelminthic drug, has shown antibacterial activity in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria. We aimed to analyse the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of rafoxanide in combination with colistin against colistin-susceptible (Col-S) and colistin-resistant (Col-R) GNB. Methods: A collection of Col-S and Col-R Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae were used. Chequerboard and time-kill curve analyses were performed to determine the synergy between rafoxanide and colistin. Changes in membrane structure and permeability were analysed using transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence assays. A murine peritoneal sepsis model using Col-R strains of these pathogens was performed to study the efficacy of rafoxanide (10 mg/kg/24 h, IV), colistimethate sodium (CMS) (20 mg/kg/8 h, intraperitoneally) and rafoxanide (10 mg/kg/24 h, IV) plus CMS (20 mg/kg/8 h, intraperitoneally) for 72 h. Results: Rafoxanide showed MICs ≥256 mg/L for all Col-S and Col-R strains. Chequerboard and time-kill curve analyses showed that rafoxanide (1 mg/L) is more synergistic with colistin against Col-R than Col-S strains. Col-R, but not Col-S, strains treated with rafoxanide demonstrated higher membrane permeabilization. Transmission electron microscopy visualization confirmed that Col-R strains suffer morphological changes. In the murine peritoneal sepsis model with Col-R strains, rafoxanide plus CMS, compared with CMS alone, increased mouse survival to 53.8% and 73.3%, and reduced bacterial loads in tissues and blood between 2.34 and 4.99 log10 cfu/g or mL, respectively. Conclusions: Rafoxanide repurposing, as monotherapy and in combination with CMS, may address the urgent need for new treatments for infections caused by MDR-GNB. PublicationRole of PstS in the Pathogenesis of Acinetobacter baumannii Under Microaerobiosis and Normoxia(Oxford, 2020-09-01) Jerónimo Pachón, Younes Smani, María Eugenia Pachón-Ibáñez; Gil-Marqués, María Luisa; Labrador Herrera, Gema; Miró Canturri, Andrea; Pachón, Jerónimo; Smani, Younes; Pachón-Ibáñez, María EugeniaAcinetobacter baumannii is a successful pathogen responsible for infections with high mortality rate. During the course of infection it can be found in microaerobic environments, which influences virulence factor expression. From a previous transcriptomic analysis of A. baumannii ATCC 17978 under microaerobiosis, we know the gene pstS is overexpressed under microaerobiosis. Here, we studied its role in A. baumannii virulence. pstS loss significantly decreased bacterial adherence and invasion into A549 cells and increased A549 cell viability. pstS loss also reduced motility and biofilm-forming ability of A. baumannii. In a peritoneal sepsis murine model, the minimum lethal dose required by A. baumannii ATCC 17978 ΔpstS was lower compared to the wild type (4.3 vs 3.2 log colony forming units/mL, respectively), and the bacterial burden in tissues and fluids was lower. Thus, the loss of the phosphate sensor PstS produced a decrease in A. baumannii pathogenesis, supporting its role as a virulence factor.